On the whole, Europe is one of the better places in the world when it comes to gender equality issues such as equal pay, opportunities and safety.
We’ve analysed 12 measurable factors, such as pay gap, employment rate, % of women in government and more, to try and find out where are the very best places to live as a woman in Europe.
While much of the continent (especially the Scandinavian countries) have been working towards gender equality for a long while, some have only made big steps in recent years (for example women in Portugal only won equal voting rights in 1976 and abortion was only made legal in the Republic of Ireland last year), while others still have some way to go.
|Equality||Representation||Health & Well-being||Final Score /100|
Gender Pay Gap
Male to female income ratio according to the United Nations Gender Development Index.
Female Employment Rate
Female labor force participation rate (ages 15+) according to the World Bank.
Number of female billionaires according to Forbes’ The World’s Billionaires list.
Percentage of the female population ages 25 and older that has reached (but not necessarily completed) a secondary level of education, according to the United Nations Gender Development Index.
Years Since Women Granted Suffrage at National Level
Number of years since women were granted full suffrage (fully equal voting rights with men at a national level) according to Wikipedia.
% of Women in National Government
Percentage of seats held by women in national parliaments according to the World Bank.
% of Women in Ministerial Positions
Percentage of women in ministerial level positions according to the World Bank.
Days with Woman as Head of State
Number of total days with a woman as head of state (not including acting heads of state or women who have been elected to lead as part of a collective) according to Wikipedia.
Female Life Expectancy
Maximum Weeks of Parental Leave
The maximum amount of weeks of paid leave mothers are entitled to, according to Wikipedia. This is a combination of both maternity leave and parental leave, which is usually able to be split between both parents.
Contraception Score (/100)
Score out of 100 relating to policies related to supplies and counselling regarding contraception, according to ContraceptionInfo.eu’s Contraception Atlas.
Sanitary Products Tax
VAT rate applied to sanitary products according to Civio Medicamentalia.
For countries where data was unavailable, the following sources were used:https://www.rt.com/viral/361587-tampon-tax-protest-zurich-fountains/ https://www.pri.org/stories/2015-08-15/tampon-tax-real-women-everywhere-pay-their-governments-extra-have-periods https://today.rtl.lu/news/luxembourg/1226747.html https://www2.deloitte.com/content/dam/Deloitte/global/Documents/Tax/dttl-tax-armeniahighlights-2018.pdf https://tradingeconomics.com/azerbaijan/sales-tax-rate https://www.belarus.by/en/invest/investment-climate/taxation http://taxsummaries.pwc.com/ID/Georgia-Corporate-Other-taxes http://world.salestaxhandbook.com/kz-kazakhstan https://www.avalara.com/vatlive/en/vat-rates/european-vat-rates.html http://www.worldwide-tax.com/montenegro/montenegro_other.asp https://www.pagero.com/news/russia-increases-vat-rates/ http://www.purs.gov.rs/en/Legal-entities/Vat/Thelaw/VALUEADDEDTAXLAW.html
Full data can be seen here